Oneida Lake is best known for its walleye and yellow perch fishery. In the spring, walleye can be found in shallow water adjacent to spawning areas and tributaries. During the summer months, walleye are usually found in deeper water. Oneida Lake is also a fantastic bass fishing location, and numerous bass fishing tournaments are held each year on the lake. Oneida Lake has become a popular tournament stop for professional bass fishing organizations such as BASSMASTER and FLW. Smallmouth bass can be caught around the many shoals while largemouth bass are found in the larger bays and anywhere there is good vegetation growth.